At 5:54 p.m. on June 21 the Summer Solstice takes place in Spain. From that moment on, the length of the day is the longest in the year (in the Northern Hemisphere). The bad news is that the days are getting shorter. A very curious fact is to note that the June Solstice occurs differently if you are in the Northern or Southern Hemisphere:
- North. It is the well-known ‘Summer Solstice’: there is the transfer from spring to summer and at noon, at the time indicated above, the solo reaches the highest point and the days are getting shorter and shorter.
- South. It is called ‘Winter Solstice’ and exactly the opposite occurs than in the previous case. The sun reaches its lowest point and the days begin to lengthen.
The word solstices, Comes from latin solstitium and it means ‘sun I want’. Since the Stone Age, the arrival of the solstices has been a cause for celebration for all civilizations.
Most of these festivals are related to fire, with which honor is paid to the sun and the sins of men are purified. An example of this is the festival of San Juan, so well known in our country. People from all over the world watch the seasons change with bonfires and festivals and celebrations of the Music Festival.
The start of the summer season can occur on three different dates depending on the calendar we use, between June 20 and 22. Throughout the 21st century, summer will always start on June 20 or 21. 2003 is when it took the longest to arrive, and in 2096 it will enter the century earlier than ever.
This is how the summer solstice affects the Earth
When the northern hemisphere tilts towards the sun, the angle of the light is more pronounced and the hottest days of summer occur. So the further north you are, the longer the daylight hours will be around the time of summer solstice. In the Item Circle – the area within approximately 25 degrees of the North Pole – the sun never sets at this time of year.
This slow change means that June 21 is only 1 second longer than June 20 in the mid-northern latitudes. It takes seven days or so for there to be a change of more than a minute in the calculated amount of daylight.