You don’t have to go for a walk in the middle of the field to come across a tick. Even if a person has a pet at home, as Sanitas experts recall (@sanitas), from health library, you can be exposed to these parasites. Some mites that can easily pass on to owners, especially in the case of those with dog.
And it is that the tick, which is usually found in areas with a lot of vegetation, sticks to the skin of animals and people to feed on his blood. And although in most cases the bites are solved without further damage to health, you have to be very attentive since in the most serious cases they can cause serious complications. A poor prognosis in the form of major infections that even in some cases can lead to death of the patient.
What to do at the first signs of a sting?
Headache, tenths of fever, joint discomfort, a stiff neck, and other signs flu-like. These are just some of the symptoms that can alert a person that perhaps got bitten by a tick. That and a kind of rash right in the area where a mite has acted that can transmit diseases like Lyme. This serious pathology can affect the normal functioning of the kidney, heart or nervous system.
But there are many other diseases classified as serious and that can be caused by the same situation. It is the case of the hispanica borrelia (with obvious symptoms such as chills, vomiting and pain in the abdominal area), the babesiosis (whose morbidity and signs are very similar to those of malaria) wave tularemia also known as rabbit fever.
For this reason, and to avoid further complications, the first thing to do is go to the doctor as soon as possible (a tick needs up to a whole day adhered to the skin to transmit all types of viruses). Even if the bite has been noticed, it can be removed by means of a tweezers like those used for facial hair removal. To do it correctly, it must be gently removed in a certain upward movement. In this way it can be eliminated, say the aforementioned experts, a dangerous toxin that affects especially the smallest of the house.
Next, it is important that the person wash their hands with soap and water and do the same with the area where the parasite has bitten them. A small wound that must also be completely disinfected with an alcohol solution.
However, the tick may have been removed correctly and much of the risk of infection has disappeared, but you should not lower your guard under any circumstances. Thus, professionals recommend observe the next days in case the aforementioned symptoms appear later, so it would also be necessary to go to a medical consultation. If this occurs, it may even be necessary to start treatment with antibiotics to stop a possible infection, however slight it may be.
And it is that as they remember from the Spanish Society of Tropical Medicine and International Health (@semtsi) for up to a month after the bite, some obvious signs may be present. Something that responds to the fact that in some cases the maximum period of incubation of certain diseases that may appear from a tick bite is 32 days.
Prevention in risk situations
Although, as experts recall, you cannot 100% prevent a person from being bitten by a tick, they can be followed some preventive recommendations to avoid, as far as possible, a greater risk in this type of situation. A risk that especially expands during the months of May to October, which is when there is a more latent danger; Although this does not mean that some species of parasites will not bite in the middle of winter as confirmed by the researchers. Thus, some of these tips are:
- Tick bites occur mostly during the day and in areas where the tick grass is very tall and there is an important presence of branches, bushes or a very thick undergrowth. If it can be, it is important to avoid walking through these places if you go for a walk in the middle of nature and do not go off the prepared paths.
- If they are going to practice outdoor activities near these high-risk areas it is best to wear a long-sleeve shirt (tucked inside pants that in no case should be short). Also, another good idea is to put your socks on the outside and over your pants.
- It is recommended that the garments be of Light colors and that both the textiles and the skin have used a repellent.
- On the way back from the walk through the country inspect the skin, especially in the case of children. Observe in detail skin folds where it is easier for ticks to take refuge, such as the waist, belly button, hair, or armpits.
- And if you have pets it is also important to check their skin and coat frequently to check that there are no unwanted ‘guests’. Apart from this measure, it is good to apply external antiparasites.