Urbason is a registered trademark of Sanofi-Aventis laboratories (@SanofiES) whose active principle is methylprednisolone, a type of the so-called corticosteroids that acts by decreasing the production of the different substances that the body generates and that cause inflammation, usually in response to a strong allergic reaction, as explained by the information center of the Spanish Agency for Medicines and Health Products (@AEMPSGOB).
In which cases is methylprednisolone necessary?
Urbason is used in two classes of treatments: the continued ones, which are applied in determined doses over a certain period of time, and the of emergency. In both cases, they should always be supplied under strict medical control.
Is about a common remedy for severe allergic reactions, such as those that can cause insect bites, and that involve a risk of anaphylactic shock. The drug can be administered orally or through a injection intramuscular or intravenous if quick action is necessary. Urbason is one of the drugs that can be effective in stopping anaphylaxis with symptoms both on the skin (redness, hives, itching, swelling …) and internally, affecting vital organs of the digestive, respiratory and even cardiovascular.
However, it is not the only drug that can stop this allergic reaction. Also the direct injection of adrenalin, the administration of antihistamines or the use of bronchodilators may be recommended or essential, as indicated by the Spanish Society of Allergology and Clinical Immunology (@SEAIC_Alergy).
In any case, it will be the doctor who determines the need to resort to a specific drug according to the general condition of the patient and his level of severity and risk. If the best option is Urbason in injectable solution, it must be administered by a healthcare professional. The injection it’s painful and it must be applied by expert hands, in a given time and speed.
What other diseases may require its use?
The anti-inflammatory power of methylprednisolone makes it an effective solution against a “disproportionate” immune system response. In addition, this drug is used in the treatment of other diseases, such as a asthmatic crisis or a brain edema (inflammation of the brain).
Although Urbason is associated with alarming allergic reactions of the immune system, it can also be part of a regular drug treatment, administered in the form of tablets of 4, 16, or 40 milligrams of methylprednisolone. Its use is normal to control the acute crises that appear with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), in the case of insufficient corticosteroids in the body (adrenocortical insufficiency) or due to rheumatic diseases involving inflammation, as in the arthritis rheumatoid or some types of spondylitis.
Adverse effects and contraindications
As with other medications, Urbason may be contraindicated in some cases. It is also important to consider your possible interaction adverse if taken with other drugs, even those bought without a prescription. Of course, if you are allergic to any of its components, Urbason should not be taken under any circumstances.
Before prescribing or administering it, the doctor will confirm or rule out the presence of gastric or duodenal ulcers, diseases such as diabetes or those related to the thyroid, or if the body presents some degree of bone demineralization (osteoporosis), Inter alia.
In the case of the elderly, regular medical check-ups are essential to avoid unwanted side effects. Before prescribing it, the doctor will take into account the clinical history of the patient and must verify that there has not been a recent vaccination, since taking Urbason weeks before or after having been vaccinated is not recommended, except in emergency cases.
It is also important to take into account that the drug can interact not only with other medicines, but with foods such as sour fruit juices, especially those that include grapefruit.
As possible side effects, collected by the Spanish Pharmacovigilance System (SEFV), some mild ones have been described as dizziness, headache, or visual disturbances, that it will always be necessary to comment to the specialist in case it is necessary to suppress its intake or modify the dose.