To begin with, the lumbago locate the pain in the Lower back, while the sciatica occurs in the leg. In addition, in most cases lumbago disappears spontaneously, and, on the contrary, sciatica tends to last longer, even requiring a period of rehabilitation.
Lumbago and sciatica are not the same
Lumbago is the colloquial way of calling the Low back pain. It is pain in the lumbar area, in the region of the back located between the last ribs and the gluteal area, caused by alterations in the different structures that make up the spine at that level, such as ligaments, muscles, vertebral discs and vertebrae. Approximately 80% of the population may suffer this type of pain at some point in their life, the vast majority of the time being of a benign cause. However, it can last for more than 6 weeks, in which case it would be a Chronic low back pain.
For its part, sciatica is the name for a set of symptoms, caused by a problem in the lower back, called a radiculopathy – a condition in which a nerve root connected to the sciatic nerve is found pinched, compressed, or irritated. Have a quick and sudden start And it is not easy to determine the causes, although they include a herniated disc, spinal problems, consequences of aging and piriformis syndrome.
The type of pain and its origin is different
There are also differences between low back pain and sciatica in the way they are manifest the pain. The pain caused by low back pain varies according to posture, movement or effort. It’s a Dull, stiff pain, can be stabbing, and make movement difficult. While sciatica the pain is localized in the area of the sciatic nerve, which originates from the lumbar spine and runs down the entire leg to the foot. This is a condition that involves pain, weakness, numbness, or tingling in the leg.
We also find differences in the reasons that trigger both ailments. In lumbago, the culprit is a muscle contracture and inflammation of nerve fibers. The causes can be many. From false movements, a bad sleeping position or unaccustomed physical activity; until stress or menstruation. In the case of sciatica it is difficult to determine what they are the causesAlthough these include a herniated disc, spinal problems, consequences of aging and piriformis syndrome.
And as we anticipated previously, the duration and cessation of pain is not the same. In lumbago the pain usually subsides on its own or through pain relievers, exercises or use of lumbar girdles or belts, with a maximum extension of six weeks. However, with sciatica, the pain can last between three and six months, and should be treated with medications, corticosteroid injections to relieve acute pain, massage, and physical therapy.
We must bear in mind that there is a wide range of diseases that can cause low back pain, sometimes the pain does not originate in that area, but is referred to pain from other organs. Kidney, gastrointestinal, gynecological and vascular diseases can cause pain referred to the lumbar region. That is why it is important to go to our doctor if we suffer from this type of pain.