The specific food for dogs includes everything they need to cover their nutritional needs based on their age, health status, etc. And, in addition, there are several toxic foods for dogs that we must avoid completely. Y, Although it seems that they like everything, we must ensure the health of our animal and make sure that these harmful foods do not enter their diet:
Chocolate contains a toxin that is harmless to humans, theobromine, but it is very dangerous for a dog as it is a cardiac stimulant. which in large doses can cause a heart attack. It does not matter the type, variety or format since any food that contains chocolate, cocoa or derivatives, is very harmful to our animal.
Garlic and onion
Both garlic and onion contain thiosulfate (especially onion), a toxic substance for dogs and cats that can cause anemia. In general, dogs do not like raw onion or garlic, but we mix leftovers with cooked onion, it is possible that we realize we are providing these toxins. Y, Although it is necessary to ingest large amounts to cause serious problems, there are some animals that may be more sensitive to poisoning. Also, it does not matter if they ingest raw or cooked garlic or onion because they are equally toxic.
The vast majority of dairy products are harmful to our dogs because they contain lactose, a type of sugar that is very abundant in milk and is digested in the body thanks to the enzyme lactase. And while the feeding of puppies is based on mother’s milk, most dogs stop creating the lactase enzyme after a few months of life, so they are not able to digest the lactose contained in milk or its derivatives, causing damage to your gastrointestinal system. Keep in mind that not all dairy will be harmful, since the problem is not dairy, but lactose.
It is unknown why grapes are so toxic to dogs, but they are very much. The simple ingestion of a few grapes can cause serious kidney failure in our dog, which could kill him. Studies have not been able to find the exact reason, although it has been ruled out that it is due to pesticides, heavy metals or fungi.
And although some dogs are susceptible to the toxicity of grapes and raisins, while others are not affected (a reason that is also unknown why it occurs), a large quantity of grapes is not necessary (the toxic dose is 32 g of grapes per kg of dog) so that a specimen sensitive to them becomes intoxicated so, when in doubt, it is better not to give any to our furry.
Avocado skin and fruit contain persin, a fungal toxin that is harmless to humans but can be toxic to animals. and cause diarrhea and vomiting.
Sugar is very harmful to teeth as well as making it difficult to maintain an adequate weight, but foods with sugar substitute sweeteners are not good either. Xylitol, for example, is a toxic sweetener for dogs and if they consume it they can suffer a drop in blood sugar levels, which leads to liver failure.
Alcohol and caffeine
It is difficult to think of situations in which we give alcohol or caffeine to our dog, but just in case, it is important to emphasize thatOnly a small amount of alcohol is necessary for the dog to be poisoned by containing ethanol. And the same happens with caffeine, which accelerates the heart and nervous system and can cause tachycardias.