Removing some types of stains can be tricky. The key is to detect the origin of the stain to treat it properly and with the product that each of them requires before putting it in the washing machine, since the detergents used in machine washing are not the same. effective than a specific product. We explain some tips that the OCU offers us to be able to treat each stain and know which products, sometimes very basic, each one of them needs.
How to attack stains
When a fabric has a stubborn stain we can treat it in different ways before putting it in the washing machine:
- Hand wash: Put the fabric on a glass of water with the stain side down. Spray the stain with the specific detergent or stain remover. Run cold water over the stain and rub until it disappears. If there is any remains, try to do the same by submerging the stain in water.
- Rub: Lay the fabric stain side up on a towel. Soak a cloth with the stain remover or detergent, moisten the stain with water, and then rub the stain with the cloth. from the outside in so as not to extend it. Change the area of the cloth with which you rub and also the position of the garment. As in the previous case, if there are remains, try the option to submerge it.
- Immerse: Pour the detergent or stain remover into a bowl or plate and place the stained item in it. Rub the stain gently with the help of a teaspoon so that the detergent penetrates the fibers without the risk of damaging them as could happen with a brush.
Commonly used products
There are different basic products that can help us to eliminate practically all the stains and, in addition, they are easy to have at home and they work wonderfully, alone or in combination. They can be classified as follows:
- Traditional products: They are the least aggressive products with the fabric and we could consider them the most basic. Within this category we would have vinegar, lemon, sodium bicarbonate, hydrogen peroxide, glycerin, pure soap or talcum powder. These products are especially suitable for tar, mold or perfume stains, for example.
- Washing accessories: Here we could put chemicals like sodium percarbonate, oxiaction products, or enzymatic cleaners. They can all give very good result against milk or tea stains.
- Products for difficult stains: acetone, alcohol, bleach, ammonia and turpentine are aggressive products that use with care, as some of them are dangerous, but very effective to treat the most difficult stains, however, it is better to start with the softest ones.
A product for every stain
Grease, pen, wine or blood stains are very common, but each one needs its product and its technique.
- Wine stains: Rinse the stain with lukewarm water and let it soak in with sodium perborate and warm water. For white fabrics you can also use a little bleach mixed with water and for other garments a solution of hydrogen peroxide and cold water.
- Chocolate stains: The first thing to do is to rinse the stain in warm water and then spray a enzymatic detergent that can be purchased at the supermarket.
- Blood stains: the stain must be soaked in cold water. It is important that it is cold because the hot one would fix the stain to the fabric. Add a handful of salt. After a few minutes, rub gently with a sponge soaked in a solution of ammonia and water (2.5 ml of ammonia per liter of water). Rinse and wash with a powder detergent.
- Oil stains: sprinkle talcum powder, or failing that, flour, on the oil stain. As the powders absorb the fat, they must be brushed and repeated several times. The last application let it act for a few hours and then wash with soap and warm water.
- Pen and ink stains: The stain must be kept damp, taking care that it does not spread. To do this, we will use a cotton soaked in cold water, we will place another large and dry cotton under the garment so that it does not stain the other part of the fabric and can absorb the moisture that passes through. Next, we will rub the stain very gently, from the outside in, with a alcohol soaked cotton. Stains that remain on white fabrics can be removed with water and a few drops of bleach.
- Oxide stains: For this type of stains you have to apply lemon juice and cover the stain with a layer of fine salt. Leave it to act for about an hour and rinse with cold water. Afterwards it can be washed as usual.