Is your dog purebred and is this confirmed by its pedigree?

The affection that you can have for your pet does not depend on its possible ancestors but, especially in the case of dogs, there is a concept that translates into a document, called pedigree, which should always be clear about what it refers to.

It’s about a official certificate that grants the Royal Canine Society of Spain (@CaninaReal) to dog breeders. In principle, it should not be requested by the owners of a conventional animal, however exceptional it may be. So if you want to have a dog with a pedigree, you should ask whoever sells it to you or gives the corresponding documentation of which will be your future pet, in which this element must be included.

What does this document show?

It must be made clear, the fact of lacking this recognition does not indicate that you cannot have a magnificent specimen of Doberman, German Shepherd or Golden Retriever, or even a smart and adorable stray dog. The pedigree is not a guarantee of its qualities or the character that your dog may have, you will only certify your genealogical line, verifying that it is a purebred specimen, that is, there have been no crosses in his family with other races.

This document will include up to fourteen ancestors of your pet, from their parents to their great-grandparents, because the goal is precisely that, follow a line of succession that can be traversed perfectly, showing that in at least three generations, your dog has only been crossed with dogs of the same breed, also with a pedigree and always meeting a series of requirements such as, for example, not being a descendant of a female of more ten years.


Because he is worth it …

Although your dog is worth a lot, you cannot take it on your own to an official entity with the intention of obtaining a certificate that confirms that it is purebred. As explained by the Doctor in Veterinary Medicine Pilar Millán, from the Complutense University of Madrid (@unicomplutense), except for some possible exceptions, it is the breeders themselves who request the pedigree for each specimen born from a new litter of pedigree parents. Doing so requires your paperwork and involves a financial outlay.

First of all, a breeder of dogs of a certain breed, who wants their puppies to have a pedigree, it has to have an affix, that is, a name that will always be linked to any puppy that leaves its facilities and that, of course, was born to pedigree parents.

The registration requirements are strict. As a previous step to obtaining it, the animal will have to be registered in the Spanish Origins Book (LOE) where it will appear with a number that will be, practically, its I.D. This number will make the animal occupy its rightful place in the family genealogical tree, also guaranteeing that the purity of its lineage is maintained. It can also happen that your dog, even if it is a purebred specimen, does not have a complete genealogical line. In these cases, what is usually requested and awarded is the RRC number (Dog Breed Registry). It is not the same, but it is already a recognition of the «quality» of the breed of that specimen.

Pedigree dog

What can the pedigree serve for?

Your dog probably cares little about this issue, but it is very interesting to know that different organizations are trying to achieve keep criteria and standards intact that can identify, without any doubt, the characteristics of a certain breed of dog.

You may be interested in having your dog participate in one of the dog shows of the Federation Cynologique Internacionale (FCI) of which Spain is part, or perhaps you want to maintain that purity of breed that your pet possesses by crossing it only with another pedigree animal. Whatever the reason, you should know that it is not enough for a potential seller to tell you that the dog is purebred and has a pedigree. That You have to prove it with the corresponding certificate, which must contain a series of data such as the breeder’s affix, the LOE number, the genealogical tree with the data of their relatives, where possible championships or prizes won easily recognizable by the letters «CH», and, of course , the authorized signature or seal of the Royal Canine Society of Spain.

If you buy a dog with a pedigree but, logically, it is not yet in your name, in the purchase and sale management, the breeder or establishment must give you the original receipt of registration in the LOE or RRC by completing the section «Request for Transfer of Property», to thus record that you are the new owner. This document must be presented to the RSCE or collaborating canine society to request a «Pedigree with transfer».

Pedigree or not, a pet can bring significant benefits to the health and well-being of an older person. Great if your choice is a purebred dog, but always confirm that your documentation is in order and so it proves.