It is common in our country, as there is only one day difference between the two days, confuse All Souls ‘Day with All Saints’ Day. In both, those who are no longer among us are worshiped, but with a different approach and with a day of separation. In Spain, where the Catholic religion predominates culturally and sociologically, it is the custom of this that has become popular in the celebration of these days.
November 1, All Saints Day
In Christian practice, the liturgical celebration begins on Vespers on the night of October 31, All Saints’ Eve, and ends at the end of November 1. On All Saints’ Day, it is common for families to attend church and visit cemeteries to place flowers and candles on the tombstones of their loved ones deceased. This day is a national holiday in Spain and many other historically Christian countries. The celebration stems from the belief that there is a powerful spiritual bond between the deceased, those in heaven, and the living. In Catholicism, the day commemorates all who have achieved the beatific vision in heaven.
November 2, All Souls’ Day
All Souls Day is a day to commemorate all the faithful departed, those baptized Christians who are believed to be in purgatory because they died with the guilt of minor sins on their souls, and is celebrated on November 2. Catholic doctrine holds that the prayers of the faithful on earth will help cleanse these souls in order to adapt them to the vision of God in heaven, and the day is dedicated to prayer and remembrance. Masses are often celebrated, and many people visit and sometimes decorate the graves of their loved ones.
Each year, during these festivals, chestnuts are collected. For example, in places like Galicia, Cantabria, Catalonia, Aragon, Asturias, Andalusia or Castilla y León “chestnut trees” are produced. or “magostos” in which these nuts are served roasted or prepared in different ways, generally as sweets. Chestnuts, walnuts and other dried fruits are also common on this day in Ceuta in what is known as “Backpack Day”, which is celebrated in the autonomous city and where residents spend the day on the hillside enjoying these fruits and other fruits such as oranges or quinces.
In Cádiz a single celebration is held on All Saints’ Eve: since the 19th century the city’s markets have been decorated, open days are organized for different visitors and they even “dress their products” with what we could call a completely commercial carnival. Also commercial is the “Festival of All Saints” in Cocentaina (Alicante), which has been celebrated since 1346, making it the second oldest agricultural festival in Spain.
But All Saints’ Day also leaves room for art, especially theater. Until very recently on this day, it was a tradition interpret Don Juan Tenorio by José Zorrilla. The theme and the background were ideal: the rebellious sinner, among the dead, obtains the twilight of the redemption of his life. In some towns and cities we can still see it this day.