Despite taking extreme hygiene measures with your pet, the fact that a dog or a cat has parasites is something quite frequent and any method that helps to avoid it is always important. The veterinarians explain that parasites can be classified into two large groups: the external ones, such as fleas or dangerous ticks among the most common, and the interns, different types of intestinal worms that can cause the animal from temporary discomfort, to serious problems that put its health and even its life at risk.
As the College of Veterinarians of Madrid points out (@COLVEMA) there are different parasitosis, some well known and others rare, but, in any case, correct prevention, following the indications set by the veterinarian, is essential for the health of the pet and also that of the people who live with it.
How and when to deworm cats and dogs
To keep your pet free of unpleasant «visitors» and protect it against possible infections, you have different specific products, simple to apply and effective. External deworming should be part of the care of dogs and cats. A simple antiparasitic collar, a pipette that can repel fleas, lice or ticks or a spray that fulfills the same function, are the best guarantee so that your dog does not become the “home” of common external parasites that could catch in a simple stroll down the street or while enjoying playing in the park.
As for the internal parasites, the most dangerous, they can cause vomiting, continuous diarrhea, anal itching or a serious progressive weight loss for which you can not find an explanation.
An infested dog requires eliminating parasites as soon as possible to prevent them from continuing to reproduce and causing damage of varying severity. In addition, these «bugs» pose, in many cases, a risk for you due to the possibility of accidental contagion (for example, when cleaning a cat’s litter box or your dog’s favorite cushion).
Internal parasites are eliminated with medication, generally in the form of pills, which should always be indicated by the veterinarian, taking into account the characteristics of each animal: breed, weight and age and also assessing the probability of infestation that it faces. A small dog, who only goes out for his daily walks, does not require the same treatment as one that is loose in a garden or on a farm.
As a common rule first deworming in dogs it is done around 4 or 6 weeks of age, before starting the vaccination schedule. In cats, it is usually expected, at least, until the puppies are 6 weeks old. In adult animals, deworming should be carried out at least once a year. It is a measure as simple as it is necessary.