For 75 years, the National Identity Document (DNI) has been used to prove our personal data, our identity, and it is essential to carry out a multitude of procedures, both private and before the different public administrations. To be valid, the card must be in force and must be renewed every 10 years if the holder is over 30 years old and has not reached 70, at which time the document becomes permanent (the same occurs with a person over 30 years of age who proves a highly invalid status).
With the widespread use of the Internet, new technologies also came, in 2005, to the traditional document, which began to be replaced, from that moment, by the Electronic DNI. In the following years and until 2011, according to data from a study carried out by the Orange Foundation (@fundacionorange), of the 27% of the Spanish population that already had a DNIe, only 4.7% used it to carry out procedures via telematics. In 2015, that first digital card began to be progressively replaced by the DNI 3.0, easier to use but, even so, quite little known and used, especially by older people.
From DNIe to DNI 3.0
Hardware reader, compatible browsers, cryptographic library, NFC technology, card writer reader mode plug and play…. are terms that are repeated in the information offered by the website of the General Police Directorate (@info_dgp) on how to obtain and use the DNIe. For some they will be familiar terms, but probably if you are 60 years old or older, the meaning of more than one may be, for you, an absolute mystery.
The DNIe certifies, electronically, your identity (just as it does in the “physical” world) and perhaps you do not know that with it you can do multiple procedures without having to move from your home. The document, the size of a credit card, incorporates a chip that collects among other valuable information: your personal data, your digitized photograph, the digital image of the handwritten signature, and the different digital certificates that will allow you carry out numerous inquiries and procedures electronically. In addition, on the chip you also find the keys of the authentication and signing certificate.
For your DNIe to work, the first thing you have to do is change the passwords, that will have been provided to you at the time of obtaining it. This simple procedure can only be done in the DNI Update Points (PAD) found in the dispatch offices.
The next step is to install a smart card reader. There are different types, but the simplest are those that are connected via USB (just like if you “plugged in” your mobile phone or any memory card). To install it, you must follow the instructions of the device you have purchased.
Once installed, your computer will have the hardware necessary to read the DNIe but, you need one more step to complete the operation. Depending on the environment and the browser you are using, the device will ask you for what they are called cryptographic libraries or modules, a software, or a small program, which is the one that will be able to read and activate the certificates that your card contains. Although it seems “a world”, it is not, since you simply have to download these modules directly from the web www.dnielectronico.es/descargas/.
After this “triumph” in the face of hostile technology … you can now carry out your procedures avoiding “queues” and without leaving home.
What changes with the DNI 3.0?
Safer and above all easier to use. These are the two characteristics of the DNI 3.0 that has been issued since 2015. The big change is that the innovative card allows its use of wireless way thanks to NFC technology (Near Field Communication), which as explained by the Organization of Consumers and Users (OCU @consumers), makes it possible to use it without the need for a card reader, but directly by simple contact, through a smartphone or tablet that also has NFC technology (the vast majority). The DNI 3.0 is also compatible with any browser.
With this new DNI, any procedure is much easier, since you only have to activate your passwords (as with the DNIe) and have the app of the body with which you want to carry out the procedure (Tax Agency, General Directorate of Traffic, electronic headquarters of Social Security …).
Do you have to renew your DNI?
Remember that if you have not yet reached 70 years of age, your identity card is not permanent and you must renew it when appropriate, in a face-to-face at one of the dispatch offices, requesting an appointment (in most cases they will not attend you without it).
If for medical reasons It is very difficult for you to travel for the renewal of the card, you can request that a mobile team go to your home, residential center or health center to carry out the procedure (you must meet a series of conditions and submit the application).
What basic documentation For the renewal it is required: the previous ID, a recent photograph and, in case of change of address, the registration certificate that proves it.
When you have a new DNI 3.0 in your power, don’t be “intimidated” and try to take advantage of it.