How to walk with two crutches, a crutch and a cane

When we suffer a mishap in the lower limbs that makes it difficult for us to walk, there are tools that can help us in this task. The most common are crutches, especially when you have suffered an injury or an operation and it is time to recover. Another of the elements that lend a hand in the movement are the canes, although these are usually used in a more daily way, that is, they represent a fundamental element for people who are weighed down in their movements every day.

But are both crutches and canes used correctly? In which hand should they be carried? How should they be so that they really make travel more comfortable? What precautions must be taken when they used? We will try to answer all these questions below.

How to walk with a cane

First of all, it should be noted that there are two types of walking sticks: the most common of a single support and those who have a body that ends in four paws, which makes them much more stable, but, at the same time, more uncomfortable. Whichever is chosen, the hand that should hold it is the one found in the opposite side of the leg that is in poor condition. That is, the cane must be next to the healthy limb.

Cane to prevent immobility (bigstock)

This is so because when we walk, we simultaneously swing the arms opposite the leg that is leading. Therefore, when taking a step, for example, with the right, the left arm that holds the cane will cushion some of the “hit” that occurs when walking. Of course, the moment you stop and go to do any work in static, it is best to grab the cane with the dominant hand, the right if you are right-handed and the left if you are left-handed, since that will give you greater stability if you must use the other for any other purpose.

Rules for walking with a cane

  • You should always walk Looking forward, as if you do it normal. You can’t be staring at your feet constantly.
  • The handle should be at the correct height and this is the wrist of the arm that will support it, so that the elbow bends very slightly when you hold it.
  • Do not support your entire body weight on the cane as it is only an aid.
Walking with a cane
  • Whenever you change direction, do so by leaning on the strong leg to achieve greater stability.
  • When climbing steps, your strong leg should go first, so that lifting your body is not difficult. The cane should simply provide balance when you pose the injured or weak limb.
  • On the other hand, when you go down the steps, it will be the weak one that you have to support first with the help of the cane and lower the strong leg to its side.

Apart from these precepts, it is also advisable to wear non-slip footwear that does not have heels, check that the floor of the home does not present dangers (such as loose rugs …) and that the tip of the cane is in good condition and is not worn.

How to walk with crutches

In the event that we have to use crutches, there are also a series of keys so that let’s make it safer and better. It should be noted that when only one is used, the way of walking with it is very similar to that of a cane, with the exception that the crutch provides greater support. However, both for taking steps, going down or up stairs or to place it, the rules are the same.

Walk with crutches

In the event that both crutches are used, the first thing we must ensure is that they are our size. This implies that when we place them close to the body, the shoulders maintain their position and we do not have to lower them or raise them. In this case, the main rules are as follows:.

  • You always have to look ahead. This is, if possible, more important than when using a cane or just a crutch, as looking at the ground can cause you to become unstable.
  • Maintain an upright position. Do not tend to lean forward as it can lead to a fall.
  • When you move the crutches, they must go parallel, one next to each foot but a few inches ahead.
  • You must walk slowly, taking care to support the crutches well.
  • The bottom of these must be in good condition. The rubber must grip perfectly, as a fall can be very dangerous. Likewise, check from time to time that the condition of the crutches is optimal and that any screw has not loosened. Any precaution is little.
What are the different types of crutches that exist for seniors?

Finally, it is necessary to distinguish whether when walking with crutches, both feet can be supported or only one can be posed. As explained in Discapnet, the ONCE Foundation portal for people with disabilities, if you can support both:

  • When standing you have to have three supports (two crutches and one foot or one crutch and both feet).
  • It advances carrying both crutches at the same height and one foot comes forward and then the other.

Instead, yes you can only have one leg for support:

  • When standing, all the weight should fall on the good leg and crutches.
  • To walk you have to advance with these and then complete the course with the good leg, since the other will remain unsupported.
  • When going down and up stairs, you should always wear good foot first and the crutches later.

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