When you talk about handicap is also being made of disability. They are not different things, as it exposes FAMMA – Cocemfe Madrid (Federation of Associations of People with Physical and Organic Disabilities of the Community of Madrid), which includes the eighth additional provision of Law 39/2006, of December 14, on the Promotion of Personal Autonomy and Attention to people in a situation of dependency and in the new classification of the World Health Organization, International Classification of Functioning of Disability and Health (ICF-2001), in which the change of the word handicap and handicapped for those of disability and disabled.
Once this has been noted so that there is no confusion when speaking with one term or another, we will explain what is the disability certificate and how it can be applied for. According to this same federation, “it is a official document that certifies the legal status of a person with a disability issued by the Autonomous Administration in the corresponding Base Center. For the disability to be recognized, it must have a minimum degree of 33%. The legal regulations governing it is Royal Decree 1971/1999, of December 23, on the procedure for the recognition, declaration and qualification of the degree of disability (BOE January 26, 2000) ”.
That is, it is a certificate that demonstrates a disability, which, from an administrative point of view, requires public protection and the possibility of obtain social benefits.
How to request the certificate?
To obtain it, the applicant must start a administrative process in which various assessments will be made, both medical, social and psychological. Likewise, age, professional situation, educational level and even family environment will be taken into account. The objective is none other than to specify the percentage of disability, which must be equal to or greater than 33%.
The first step to take is to approach the Base Center that corresponds to each person by geographical proximity. Once there, the certificate will be requested and the evaluation process will begin. This usually lasts for between half a year and eight months. However, it will vary from one autonomous community to another, depending on the demand and the resources allocated to each of them.
And it is that once the recognition and assessment have been carried out, the technical-optional opinion, from there to Hearing Procedure and finally to the resolution that will determine if there is a disability and what the final degree of it is.
If you are wondering what documentation is usually needed to request a disability certificate, you should bear in mind that there will be some variation depending on the area in which you request. However, the most common documents and requirements are as follows:
- Photocopy and original of the DNI of the requesting person or in case they have a legal representative, of this. If you do not have Spanish nationality, the resident card.
- Medical reports already carried out previously and that are related to the disability.
- In case you already have a disability that has been recognized, you will have to attach a copy of the resolution.
Advantages of having a certificate
Given the difficulties that many disabled people have, with this certificate we want to help them to your life is easier, so they have some social advantages. According to him Castilla y León Disability Information Service, are the following: “Non-contributory disability pension, Family allowance for dependent children, Guidance for admission to Centers, Treatments, Tax benefits (Personal income tax, Corporation tax, Inheritance and gift tax, Tax on added value, Special tax on certain means of transport, Tax on mechanical traction vehicles), Parking card for people with disabilities, Bonotaxi, Request for public aid, Reductions in means of transport, as well as “other aids and services for the group of people with disabilities who are considered in the competent bodies in the field of Social Services, whether autonomous, municipal or state ”.
Finally, it should be noted that there are different types of disabilities, as explained in the Adecco Foundation.
- The physical disability It includes alterations in the neuromuscular and skeletal system that make movement difficult or limited.
- The mental disability refers to alterations in functions related to adaptive behavior, mental faculties and neurological structures.
- The sensory disability It is one that affects the sensory structures: hearing, sight, touch, taste and smell or the nervous system.
- The intellectual disability it is related to alterations in intellectual function and adaptive behavior.
- And the organic disability It is caused by chronic alterations in the functions of the different body systems (locomotor, respiratory, digestive, excretory, circulatory, endocrine, nervous and reproductive).