How to protect your indoor plants from pests and diseases

There is nothing like decorating the house with some plants. A living being that is more than a mere element of interior design. And it is that the flowers and pots that you can have in your home will help you absorb polluting gases, to purify the air and give that touch of humidity that, sometimes, a room needs.

In addition, they are very stimulating when creating relaxing spaces and free from day-to-day stress. The same feeling that dedicating some time to them transmits, as many people find the love of gardening very pleasant.

However, sometimes that care requires knowing the most frequent pests that can attack and, in the worst case, kill your plants. To avoid this, it is best to know in advance the problems that can affect indoor species, which are usually the most used. In this way, you can fight those diseases when you see them appear or even before.

Dangers that can kill your favorite plant

It is true that this type of vegetables are not subject to external aggressions and inclement weather, but that does not mean that the measures of protection to last for many years. Damages that, in most cases, are due to some of these causes: environmental factors, unsuitable land, excess or lack of fertilizer or the presence of parasites. With this in mind, take note of some of the more common conditions.

Take care of your indoor plants against the most common pests and diseases that they may suffer

Woodlouse

You face one of the more resistant insects. And it is that the plague of this parasite, which resembles a small peppercorn or a cotton ball, absorbs the sap of cacti and other similar plants. When it has been primed with a good part of the plant, you will see that both the stem and the leaves they look bad. At the first signs, you can use an insecticide that has cryptolaemus or thioclopride, Or an old toothbrush soaked in alcohol. A homemade trick that is very effective.

Gray mold or botrytis

In this case, the person responsible is a fungus that attacks the plant when it has a excess moisture and it hardly has ventilation. A disease that you will detect when you see rotten areas that are covered with a gray mold. What can be done to fix it? It is best that you cut the affected parts and then use a specific fungicide product for this problem.

Scale insects

If watering your pots you see circular scales on the leaves or the ground, it means that the plant has contracted a disease caused by this type of larvae. To end them, one of the best tactics is to spray the entire plant with solutions in which composition beech acetamipride. You can also use a special oil for natural indoor species.

Rust

This pest comes in the form of orange spores that accumulate on the stem and leaves. Its origin is not far from that which causes gray mold and the solution to avoid it is the same as in that case.

Shabby roots

But the problem may be at the root itself. In this case, perhaps you have watered the plant too much or the land used to transplant it does not allow the water to filter in the best way. To avoid this, the first measure is to be more cautious when watering the pot and remove the excess water that may remain in the lower plate on which it is supported.

But if it’s too late, what you can do is let the earth dry for a few days Or, if there is no other option and to prevent it from dying, change it completely and replace it with a mixture with sand. An effective solution that facilitates drainage and guarantees that it does not happen again.

Take care of your indoor plants against the most common pests and diseases that they may suffer

Good care

But these tips will be of no use to you and knowing everything about the most common diseases that can attack your indoor plants if you do not follow them most basic care guidelines.

In this sense, the first thing is to make sure that they get the light they need in each case. Otherwise, the rest of the recommendations will not take effect when it comes to keeping them in perfect condition. Therefore, in your home, always place these pots near a window or a gallery that is bright enough so that it can perform its most vital function: the photosynthesis.

Ensuring your dose of vitamin D, the next step is to water them properly, as it is just as harmful not to do so as to use an excessive amount of water for it. In most cases, those inside the home need less continuous watering, but that does not mean that the soil is completely dry. To know the ideal moment, check the humidity of this and you will get out of all doubt.

Another aspect that you have to take into account is that your indoor plants do not suffer sudden changes in temperature or be exposed to drafts. If this happens, you will see how little by little its leaves are falling. Our last advice is to change the pot when you see that the growth of the plant is considerable. Take advantage of that moment to also add some compost to provide you with more nutrients.