Acrophobia or fear of heights is one of the most common phobias. Those who suffer from it are not capable of developing certain jobs, but they may also suffer problems in everyday situations such as looking out of their own balcony or being unable to enjoy some leisure activities, since it is an irrational and exaggerated fear that can even prevent them look through a window. Thus, something so common that most of us do when we travel to any new place, such as looking for a high place from which to have a panoramic view or privileged views of the place, these people cannot do it. In addition, it is also common for those who suffer from acrophobia to have a panic about flying in an airplane.
Acrophobia, like most phobias, does not have a pharmacological treatment, but is a disorder for which we can only find a cure through therapy or psychological treatment. However, some studies suggest that acrophobia is related to vertigo and disturbances in balance, which in turn can be caused by inner ear problems. In this sense, the fear of falling is clearly related to acrophobia. For this reason, there are also some studies who claim that even mild hearing loss triples the risk of having difficulty maintaining balance while walking. This is why people with hearing disabilities have a diminished perception of the environment around them and are more prone to stumbling and falling.
Stress and anxiety
Those who suffer from acrophobia experience muscle tension, an increased heart rate, digestive problems and, in general, a state of nervousness, among other effects. However, in some cases the repercussions on health can be even more serious, leading to fainting or panic attacks. As for the techniques to overcome that fear, we can find many of the methods that would also be used to deal with stress and anxiety: relaxation; of progressive exposure to the problem to get used to these situations; of cognitive therapy.
Naturally, the same therapy will not work for everyone, in the same way that not all patients react the same to taking the same medication. So the solution (and the dose) always goes through a personalized approach to the problem: there is no magic solution to cure or, at least, learn to cope with our phobias. For this reason, some also resort to methods such as acupuncture (especially if it is related to a vertigo problem) or even hypnosis to overcome their irrational fear of heights.