The essential oils are natural compounds that are extracted from different parts of plants, fruits or seeds. We are talking about powerful, ultra-concentrated substances, whose use in current cosmetics is common. You can make glycerin-based soaps, but another option is to make them with aromatic oils. With the essential oil of your choice, for its aroma or for its beneficial properties, you have the option of making soaps at home and obtaining excellent results. It is not difficult, and enjoying your own soaps or giving them as gifts will provide you with many satisfactions
First of all, you must be clear about two important concepts
- Essential oils are substances that, due to their high concentration of chemical elements, always require be used lowered and properly mixed. To make your soap, you will need a base of other oilsFor example, olive oil, coconut oil, sunflower oil, avocado oil …
- The mixture that allows you to shape your oil soap will require, as an essential ingredient, a certain amount of caustic soda.
Therefore, you need:
- Base oil (whichever you prefer).
- Caustic soda, in the proportion required by the amount of soap you want to make.
- A silicone mold that shapes your soap.
- The essential oils that you want to add, on which the aroma and properties of the soap will depend, for example; moisturizing, antibacterial, relaxing …
Steps to follow
First of all, you are going to use caustic soda, so you have to make the essential oil soap in a ventilated place and with the due protection: gloves and glasses for your eyes.
The next step is to mix, in a glass container, soda and water. Pour the water first, and not the other way around, to avoid mishaps. As for the quantities, to give you an idea, you can calculate about 130-140 grams of soda for every 350-360 grams of water.
Let this first solution cool down (be careful! The temperature will reach 80ºC) and in the meantime, mix the base oils you want, for example olive and coconut, although if you prefer to make your soap only with an oil you can also.
Put the base oil in the bain-marie and stir well with a spatula. Next, it is time to incorporate the soda dissolved in the water into the oil. In this process, try to maintain, in both combinations, a temperature of about 40ºC (a kitchen thermometer can come in handy).
To make your mixture more compact, with a texture similar to that of a puree, beat it for a few minutes with a mixer and then transfer it to a plastic container. This is the ideal time to add a few drops of the essential oil of your choice and some vegetable pigment for soaps if you want yours to have a special color.
It only remains to pour the soap into a silicone mold, cover it by placing another mold on top (upside down) and let it cool for 24 to 48 hours. In order to use your essential oil soap, you must wait a minimum of 30 days.