The rose bushes have the reputation for being difficult to cultivate– As long as you water and prune them properly, you shouldn’t have too much trouble with these plants. Pruning is a vital element for the care of rose bushes and the longevity of the plant in your garden.
In general, you should prune the rose bushes just before the plant breaks dormancy after the last spring frost. This will be early in the year in hot climates, and anytime between January and April in cold climates.
For older rose bushes, prune them after they bloom. They give flowers first on the stem of the previous year. When you prune roses, cut off the dead parts first, it will help you “see” the shape of the plant without distraction. It is a good idea visit a public rose garden and find rose specimens that you are cultivating. Note how gardeners have pruned roses of the same type.
In cold winter climates, pruning roses in spring often comes down to one option: just cut off the parts that died in winter. In hot climates, pruning can be done at any of three levels, depending on your purpose. Severe pruning (cut to leave three or four stems, 13 to 25 centimeters tall) produces fewer but larger flowers. Moderate pruning (five to 12 stems cut 50 to 60 cm) makes the bush larger. And light pruning (less than a third of the plant is thinned out) increases the number of short-stemmed flowers that will be produced.
Learning how to prune a rose bush is not a difficult task. When you understand the reasons for doing it, pruning becomes less heavy. Here are the reasons to prune.
Dead or damaged canes of any rose should be cut green in late winter or early spring before the plant resumes growth. Remove diseased stems when you notice them. Improves air circulation by eliminating the stems that grow in the center of the plant.
Modern roses need help to keep their shape compact and open. Older roses require less pruning because their twig look is part of their charm. In fall, miniature roses grow tall and long. The cutting of spent flowers leads the plants to bloom.
Some roses grow wild. Trim rose bushes, remove diseased and dead stems, and reduce overall plant size. Keep them within limits by pruning their tips or entire stems at any time. Colder nights produce mottled, malformed flowers and yellowish foliage that often begins to fall off. Rose hips, which can interrupt the next flowering cycle, can appear if the spent flowers are not removed.
- Make pruning cuts at a 45 degree angle, about 6 centimeters above the axis of a leaf.
- On the outside of the stem, angle the cut down and to the opposite side. This allows excess natural sap to rise and seal the cut without interfering with the developing one. Cutting a rose bush to an outer bud also promotes outer growth, opens the plant to air circulation, creates more pleasant shapes, resists disease, and prevents stems from tangling.
- If the rose bush has foliage present, the location of its cutting is easy to detect. Where there is no foliage to guide you, find where it came from.
- Use this same pruning technique when cutting stems for display and removing spent blooms.. For rose care, remember to sharpen your pruning tools periodically, do it yourself or ask someone who is trained.
- Clean metal surfaces after each use with a soft, lightly greased cloth to prevent rust.