Hundreds of jellyfish every year fill the Spanish coasts, especially those of the Mediterranean, being the guilty of 90% of the bites produced in summer. Furthermore, his awkward presence has grown in recent decades. They tend to be more frequent after a winter with little rain.
Why are there so many jellyfish pests?
The increase in temperatures is one of the factors that has influenced the proliferation of this marine species. And is that the sea warming It has caused the jellyfish population to increase. The overfishing It is also to blame for the fact that there are more and more jellyfish since, due to this practice, those animals that compete for the same food disappear. So they get stronger and stronger. In addition, to this is added the extinction of large predators of jellyfish, such as sea turtles.
This is how you should act if a jellyfish bites you
It is enough to touch a jellyfish to begin to suffer the first symptoms, such as intense pain that can last on average between 30 and 60 minutes, in addition to an itching and stinging sensation. And since it is better to be forewarned, the Hospital Clinic Benidorm advises carrying out a series of measures to mitigate its effects. For example, one of the best ways to reduce pain is wash the affected area with salt water Y apply cold compresses to the skin. It is not good to urinate on the wound, cover it with sand, or pour fresh water on it.
If, unfortunately, a tentacle is stuck to the skin, you must remove it from quickly with the help of a few drops of vinegar, to loosen it, and some gloves. In the most serious cases, it is advised the application of corticosteroids under the supervision of a doctor. Jellyfish stings are more important than they seem and can put the health of older people who suffer from cardiovascular disease or take a drug that can cause a reaction at risk. In summary:
- Go to the nearest aid station.
- Don’t rub the affected area.
- Remove the tentacles with tweezers.
- Do not apply fresh water or urine to the wound.
- Chill for 15 minutes, without the ice rubbing directly on the skin.
- Use cold compresses on the bite to reduce inflammation.
- In the most serious cases, go to the doctor.
- The tentacles can infect the area, so it is very important to monitor the wound for days after the bite. If infected, you will have to take antibiotics.